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22nd-Nov-2007 12:13 pm - place
What would John Cusack Do?
seat/place: der Platz (dare Platz) rhymes with flat
7th-Aug-2007 08:50 am - Gender Lesson (Part 2)
walkampf
As promised, I'm continuing with the Gender Noun Lesson. Huzzah!

Here's the list for feminine. Tomorrow will be neutral.

Always FEMININE (die/eine):

Nouns ending in the following suffixes: -heit, -keit, -tät, -ung, -schaft - Examples: die Freiheit, Schnelligkeit, Universität, Zeitung, Freundschaft (freedom, quickness, university, newspaper, friendship). Note that these suffixes usually have a corresponding English suffix, such as -ness (-heit, -keit), -ty (-tät), -ship (-schaft).
Nouns ending in -ie: Drogerie, Geographie, Komödie, Industrie, Ironie (often equal to words ending in -y in English)
Names of aircraft, ships and motorbikes: die Boeing 747, die Titanic, die BMW (motorbike only; the car is der BMW). The die comes from die Maschine, which can mean plane, motorbike and engine. - Helpful reminder: Ships are often referred to as "she" in English.
Nouns ending in -ik: die Grammatik, Grafik, Klinik, Musik, Panik, Physik.
Borrowed (foreign) nouns ending in: -ade, -age, -anz, -enz, -ette, -ine, -ion, -tur: Parade, Blamage (shame), Bilanz, Distanz, Frequenz, Serviette (napkin), Limonade, Nation, Konjunktur (economic trend). Note: Such words often resemble their English equivalent. A rare -ade exception: der Nomade.
Cardinal numbers: eine Eins, eine Drei (a one, a three)

Usually FEMININE (die/eine):

Nouns ending in -in that pertain to female people, occupations, nationalities: Amerikanerin, Studentin (female American, student), but der Harlekin and also many non-people words: das Benzin, der Urin (gasoline/petrol, urine).
Most nouns ending in -e: Ecke, Ente, Grenze, Pistole, Seuche (corner, duck, border, pistol, epidemic), but der Deutsche, das Ensemble, der Friede, der Junge ([the] German, ensemble, peace, boy)
Nouns ending in -ei: Partei, Schweinerei (party [political], dirty trick/mess), but das Ei, der Papagei (egg, parrot).
Most types of flowers and trees: Birke, Chrysantheme, Eiche, Rose (birch, chrysanthemum, oak, rose), but der Ahorn, (maple), das Gänseblümchen (daisy), and the word for tree is der Baum
Borrowed (foreign) nouns ending in -isse, -itis, -ive: Hornisse, Initiative (hornet, initiative)
3rd-Aug-2007 09:11 am - Gender Lesson (Part One)
walkampf
bryseis left a comment in the last post asking how to tell if a noun is masculine, feminine, or neutral. I looked it up, and it pretty much said 'treat the article as a integral part of the word and always learn it'.

Because life isn't always that easy, I looked up some hints anyway. Today I'm posting the masculine list.

Always MASCULINE (der/ein):

Days, months, and seasons: Montag, Juli, Sommer (Monday, July, summer). The one exception is das Frühjahr, another word for der Frühling, spring.
Points of the compass, map locations and winds: Nordwest(en) (northwest), Süd(en) (south), der Föhn (warm wind out of the Alps), der Scirocco (sirocco, a hot desert wind).
Precipitation: Regen, Schnee, Nebel (rain, snow, fog/mist)
Names of cars and trains: der VW, der ICE, der Mercedes. (But motorbikes and aircraft are feminine.)
Words ending in -ismus: Journalismus, Kommunismus, Synchronismus (equal -ism words in English)
Words ending in -ner: Rentner, Schaffner, Zentner, Zöllner (pensioner, [train] conductor, hundred-weight, customs collector). The feminine form adds -in (die Rentnerin).
The basic "atmospheric" elements that end in -stoff: der Sauerstoff (oxygen), der Stickstoff (nitrogen), der Wasserstoff (hydrogen), plus carbon (der Kohlenstoff). The only other elements (out of 112) that are masculine are der Phosphor and der Schwefel (sulphur). Note: All of the other chemical elements are neuter (das Aluminium, Blei, Kupfer, Uran, Zink, usw.).

Usually MASCULINE (der/ein):

Agents (people who do something), most occupations and nationalities: der Architekt, der Arzt, der Deutsche, der Fahrer, der Verkäufer, der Student, der Täter (architect, physician, German [person], driver, salesman, student, perpetrator).*
Nouns ending in -er, when referring to people (except die Jungfer, die Mutter, die Schwester, die Tochter, das Fenster)
Names of alcoholic drinks: der Wein, der Wodka (but das Bier)
Names of mountains and lakes: der Berg, der See (but Germany's highest peak, die Zugspitze follows the rule for the feminine ending -e, and die See is the sea).
Most rivers outside of Europe: der Amazonas, der Kongo, der Mississippi
Most nouns ending in -ich, -ling, -ist: Rettich, Sittich, Schädling, Frühling, Pazifist (radish, parakeet, pest/parasite, spring, pacifist)

* Note that the feminine form of these terms almost always ends in -in (die Architektin, die Ärztin, die Fahrerin, die Verkäuferin, die Studentin, Täterin, with the exception of die Deutsche).
2nd-Aug-2007 10:22 am - Nouns and Gender
walkampf
The/A

Singular

Der/ein (masc.) [ex. Der Vater - The father/ Ein Sohn - A son]
Die/eine (fem.) [ex. Die Dame - The lady/ Eine Mutter - A mother]
Das/ein (neut.) [ex. Das Geld - The money/ Ein Boot - A boat]

Plural

All words become 'Die' in plural. [ex. Die Katzen - The cats]

(I know I've already done a post on 'the' but I thought this one was a little clearer and includes plural)
30th-Jul-2007 10:38 am - How are you?
walkampf
Wie geht es Ihnen? - How are you?
Wie geht's? - How are you? (familiar, informal)
Danke, gut. - Fine, thanks.

(I'd like to apologize for my lengthy absense. Things have been very hectic, but I'm going to start posting more, I promise!)
7th-Jun-2007 01:33 pm - useful phrase
What would John Cusack Do?
nachmittags

in the afternoon
19th-Mar-2007 10:20 am - outside
What would John Cusack Do?
view: die Aussicht (dee owss-zichkt)
outside (the adverb): draußen (drow-ssen)
picture: das Bild (dass bilt)
12th-Mar-2007 10:24 am - outside
What would John Cusack Do?
weather: das Wetter (dass vett-er)
sky: der Himmel (dare (him-ell) (also used to mean Heaven)
lake: der See (dare zeh)
river: der Fluß (dare fluss)
19th-Feb-2007 11:45 am - Basic phrases
walkampf
Entschuldigung - Excuse me!
entshool-digoong

Wie bitte? - Pardon?
vee bi-te

Ich weiß nicht - I don't know
ikh vice nikht

Ich verstehe nicht - I don't understand
ikh fer-shtay-e nikht

Verstehen Sie? - Do you understand?
fer-shtay-en zee

Sprechen Sie Englisch? - Do you speak English?
shpre-khen zee eng-lish

Ich spreche sehr wenig Deutsch - I speak very little German
ikh shpre-khe zayr vay-nikh doytch

Könnten Sie das bitte wiederholen? - Could you repeat that, please?
kur'n-ten zee das bi-te veeder-hohlen

Wie heißt das auf Deutsch? - What is this called in German?
vee hyst das owf doytch
9th-Feb-2007 01:46 am - at home
What would John Cusack Do?
buildings: die Gebäude (dee gah-BOY-duh)
key: der Schlüssel (dare SHLUE-sell)
bed: das Bett (das bett)
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